Dry eye syndrome is common in winter because of cold, dry outdoor air and dry indoor heat, says an eye expert.

Symptoms include pain, blurred vision, a scratchy or burning sensation, or even watery eyes as the eyes try to compensate for the dryness, explains Pittsburgh-area ophthalmologist Dr. Michael Azar.

“Because both dry eye and allergies can cause watery eyes, differentiating the two conditions can be difficult and may require an eye exam,” he said in a news release from the Institute for Good Medicine at the Pennsylvania Medical Society.

Dry eye can occur at any age, but is more common among older adults, especially post-menopausal women. In some people, dry eye syndrome may be related to:

* Conditions that affect the ability to produce tears, such as scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and collagen vascular diseases.
* Certain medications, such as diuretics, antihistamines and beta blockers.
* Eyelid structural problems that prevent them from closing properly.

Azar outlined some ways to deal with dry eye syndrome.

“Try artificial tears or warm compresses to assist with tear secretion if you have classic dry eye symptoms. At home, a furnace humidifier or room humidifier can help. More severe symptoms may require treatment such as oral doxycycline to improve tear quality, punctal plugs [stoppers inserted into the tear duct], topical steroids or topical cyclosporine (Restasis),” he said.

For most people, dry eye is simply a nuisance.



Monk first to be charged under Bhutan smoking law
Mon, Jan 31, A Buddhist monk could face five years in prison after becoming the first casualty of a stringent anti-smoking law in the tiny Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan, which vows to become the first smoke-free nation.

The monk has been charged with consuming and smuggling contraband tobacco under a law that came into force this month, the newspaper Kuensel reported Friday, having been caught in possession of 72 packets of chewing tobacco.

Bhutan, where smoking is considered bad for one’s karma, banned the sale of tobacco in 2005. But with a thriving smuggling operation from neighboring India, the ban failed to make much of an impact.

The new law has granted police powers to enter homes, threatening jail for shopkeepers selling tobacco and smokers who fail to provide customs receipts for imported cigarettes.

“He can be charged with smuggling of controlled substances, which is a fourth degree felony,” a police official from the Narcotic Drug and Law enforcement Unit of Bhutan, who did not want to be identified, told the Bhutan Today newspaper.

A fourth degree felony can carry a sentence of five years.

Smoking in private is not illegal, but as the sale of cigarettes is banned, smokers are restricted to 200 cigarettes or 150 grams of other tobacco products a month that can be legally imported. They must provide a customs receipt when challenged by police.

A student at a 400-year-old monastic school, the monk has not been publicly identified. He bought the tobacco from the Indian border town of Jaigoan, 170 km (110 miles) south of the capital Thimphu and said it was for personal use.

The 24-year-old said he was unaware of the new law, according to local media. He was carrying no tax receipt from the customs department.

Bhutanese have been compliant with the new laws amid much grumbling. The legislation has hit the formerly thriving black market for tobacco products, as it is now cheaper to pay taxes and obtain a receipt than to pay black market prices.

Illegal cigarette sales — previously a major source of income for small shops — have almost stopped as shopkeepers say it will be difficult to hide tobacco from a sniffer dog.

Parijat Children Club Conducts Awareness Programme

The club formed by the children of Bhutanese Refugee Camp Beldangi 2 camp, sector I conducted Sanitation and anti-drug awareness programme.In the programme , there was presence of the representative of of all CBO”S , Social workers, camp management comittee.



Dzongdas across the country will now have an additional role to play. With the signing of performance compacts with the health ministry, they will now be working together with health officials to improve hospital services.

Yesterday, dzongdas from Paro, Punakha, Thimphu, Wangduephodrang, Haa, Chukha, Gasa and Samtse committed to perform this responsibility by signing the compact with chief medical officers and district health officials of each district as well as the health secretary and director general.

One of the clauses of the compact on hospital administration and management transformation (HAMT) is to monitor the shortage of drugs and health personnel in all health facilities at the district. It would assure that a doctor or a health assistant is always available in a health facility.

Director general Dr Dorji Wangchuk said the average waiting time for each patient is supposed to be 20 minutes across country, which is not happening today. “With this compact signing, we will have to make sure that the average 20 minutes waiting time for patients is met,” he said.

Transformation said Dr Dorji Wangchuk means improvement of management, meeting shortages of drugs, staff and procurement of better medical equipment. “This will also help in using medicines properly,” he said. Dzongdas asked however questioned their relevance in signing such a compact.

The director general explained that it’s vital for dzongdas to be involved in the hospital’s transformation because they are district heads who oversee the district’s management. “The signing is for accountability and monitoring progress,” he said.

Now the hospital management would have to prepare a report and submit it to the dzongdas. The dzongda after going through the report will forward it to the health ministry, who will then analyse the report and submit to the gross national happiness commission. The final report would then be submitted to the prime minister. Such reports according to the compact should be submitted every fortnightly to the health ministry.

Dzongdas said the compact would definitely benefit people. “But this would require hardworking people to implement the compact properly,” Thimphu dzongda Lhab Dorji said.

The HAMT will be implemented in 26 hospitals and 11 BHUs from February 1 this year. The next compact signing will be between dzongdas from the central and eastern region.

By Yangchen C Rinzin

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Handling-Taking of Beldangi CMC

Handling-taking ceremony of Beldangi CMC is held today. The program was held under the chairmanship of Harka Rai the Beldangi-I RCU. Mr. Dipak Niroula the Beldangi-II RCU gave his welcome speech. Former camp secretaries of all three Beldangi camps congratulated and gave their best wishes to the newly elected members. Meanwile the newly elected camp secretary took outh of his post from the Chairman while remaing members took their oath from the camp secretary.

In the ceremony the APF inspector Hir Jishi also congratulated new CMC members. He also highlighted the current security condition of the camp.

CMC Election Completes

The second phase of CMC election in Beldangi camp completed successfully. Mr. Dhan Bir Subba of Bel-2 ext, sector E/1 became the first overall camp secretary for three Beldangi camps. Mr. Yati Raj Baral is elected as the deputy camp secretary of Bel-1 while Ms. Mon Maya Rai is chosen as the deputy camp secretary for Bel-2 and extension.Meanwhile, 2 boys were caught by police who were trying to disturb the situation , they were found with catapult(gaatis ), police informed.

CMC Election Beldangi-Update

The second phase of CMC election in Beldangi camps has been started. Ten candidates have given their canfdifature for the post of camp secretary. Out of which only 6 members are selected as the eligible candidates for the post as per the election norms.

Candidates for the post of camp secretary.

1. Yati Rai Baral Bel-1

2. Bhan Bdr Subba Bel-1

3. Bhan Bir Subba Bel-2 Ext.

4. Durga Prd. Sapkota Bel-2

5. Padam Kr. Rai Bel-2

6. Chhabi Lal Karel Bel-2

7. Mukti Wagle Bel-2

8. Durga Prd. Giri Bel-2 Ext

9. Tek Bdr. Gurung Bel-1

10. Rohit Mahat Bel-2

Eligible Candidates.

1. Yati Rai Baral Bel-1

2. Bhan Bdr Subba Bel-1

3. Bhan Bir Subba Bel-2 Ext.

4. Durga Prd. Sapkota Bel-2

5. Padam Kr. Rai Bel-2

6. Chhabi Lal Karel Bel-2